High Blood Pressure


General Infomation

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure also referred as Hypertension (HTN) or sometimes called arterial hypertension, is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is high than normal. Blood pressure is measured in terms of systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relaxed between beats (diastole). This equals the maximum and minimum pressure, respectively.

There are different definition ranges of normal blood pressure.

Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100–140 mmHg systolic (top reading) and 60–90 mmHg diastolic (bottom reading). Average blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg

High blood pressure is said to be present if it is often at or above 140/90 mmHg.

Signs and symptoms of High blood pressure

Most people with high blood pressure do not have signs or symptoms. One should therefore have a regular check of his or her blood pressure. Some people however, experience these symptoms when they have high blood pressure.

- Light headedness
- Recurring headache especially at the back of head.
- Palpitations. Heart beating laundry or heavily.
- Buzzing or hissing in the ears
- Tightness in chest
- Breathing faster after climbing a few stairs or a small hill.
- Fatigue
- Blurred vision

Causes of high Blood Pressure.

- Kidney problems due to infections or kidney stones
- Metabolism syndrome brought by Thyroid problems
- High cholesterol levels. Eating too much unhealthy fats.
- Diabetes induced Micro-angiopathy (narrowing of small blood vessels)
- Pregnancy
- Diseases eg Advanced Syphilis.

Complications of High blood pressure

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:

Heart attack or stroke. High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack, stroke or other complications.
Aneurysm. Increased blood pressure can cause your blood vessels to weaken and bulge, forming an aneurysm. If an aneurysm ruptures, it can be life-threatening.
Heart failure. To pump blood against the higher pressure in your vessels, your heart muscle thickens. Eventually, the thickened muscle may have a hard time pumping enough blood to meet your body's needs, which can lead to heart failure.
Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your kidneys. This can prevent these organs from functioning normally.
Blindness. Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the eyes can result in vision loss.
Trouble with memory or understanding. Uncontrolled high blood pressure may also affect your ability to think, remember and learn. Trouble with memory or understanding concepts is more common in people with high blood pressure.

High blood pressure Treatments.

High blood pressure treatments in hospitals are not curative. They are life term and there aim is to manage and lower the pressure only.

Our approach to treatment of high blood pressure is different. We take time to diagnose the real cause and treat it. We have qualified consultants who will prescribe laboratory tests for thyroid function test, Kidney function test, cholesterol test, Diabetes etc.

After testing we therefore administer the right treatment depending with the cause and the patients recovers permanently. It takes a maximum of 3 months to treat High blood pressure in our clinic.
Call 0720760419 for more information



By Anonymous on 02 May 2011